استاد حامد رفیعی دکتری ادبیات انگلیسی و نویسنده کتاب رایتینگ آیلتس
در این قسمت تکنیکی را به شما آموزش می دهیم تا بتوانید به سوالاتی که در مورد موضوع تغییر است یه راحتی با نمره بالا پاسخ دهید.
Objectives: to examine and practice some ways of speaking about change.
Often in part 3, you are asked to compare a situation now with the same situation in the past.
Common time periods include; 20 years, 30 years, when your parents were young and when your grandparents were young.
This lesson will provide you with some useful grammar for speaking about change in the IELTS test, and how to spot these types of question.
One way of describing how things have changed is to use “used to”. We use it to refer to facts or situations that were true in the past but are not true now. When the change occurred is not important.
This can, of course be used to give personal information.
In these types of questions the function being tested is “compare”, so using comparatives is obviously a good way of answering the question and speaking about change.
When talking about how things are different now, the present perfect is often used as well as the present simple.
Particularly for some of the longer periods, you may not be sure of exactly how things have changed and it is all right to speculate.
“Would” can be used for strong speculation.
When you are not so sure you can use other words. (perhaps, possibly, might, may, etc.)
Questions about changes tend to be phrased in ways like these:
Of course, the examiner may choose to word the question in other ways.