Choices – Options – Alternatives


این اصطلاحات در رابطه با تصمیم گیری و فرصت های کاری به کار برده می شوند.
about turn / about faceThis term refers to a complete change of opinion or policy.
The embassador’s recent declarations indicate an about turn in foreign policy.
any port in a stormWhen you have no choice, any port in a storm refers to a solution you accept, which in normal circumstances you would find unacceptable.
The hotel was substandard, but it was a case of any port in a storm;
all the others were full. 
argue the tossIf you argue the toss, you dispute a decision or choice which has already been made.
The final choice was made yesterday, so don’t argue the toss now! 
between the devil and the deep blue seaIf you are between the devil and the deep blue sea, you are in a situation where there are to equally unpleasant alternatives.
When the new product didn’t take off, the management was caught between the devil and the deep blue sea : develop a new marketing campaign or drop the product.
as broad as it’s longThis expression means that there is no real difference which alternative is chosen.
Take the high-speed train, or fly and take a taxi? It’s as broad as it’s long.
catch 22catch 22 situation refers to a frustrating situation where you cannot do one thing without doing a second, and you cannot do the second before doing the first.
I can’t get a job without a work permit, and I can’t get a work permit without a job.  It’s a catch 22 situation!
cherry pickWhen you cherry pick, you choose something with great care and select only the best.
Top university graduates are often cherry-picked by large companies.
different strokes for different folksEach individual has their own tastes and requirements. What suits one person may not suit another.
Alison really enjoys gardening, whereas Julie finds it a chore.  Different strokes for different folks!
embarrassment of richesWhen there is much more of something than necessary, and it is difficult to make a choice, you have an embarrassment of riches.
Our hosts presented us with an embarrassment of riches. There was so much food that we didn’t know where to start!
fait accompliThis French expression refers to something that has been done and cannot be changed.
He used his savings to buy a motorbike and then presented his parents with a fait accompli.
on the fenceWhen faced with a choice, a person who is on the fence has not yet reached a decision.
The candidates have such similar ideas that many electors are still on the fence.
hedge your betsIf you hedge your bets, you choose two or more courses of action  in order to reduce the risk of loss or error.
The company hedged its bets by developing a second line of products.
horns of a dilemmaIf you are on the horns of a dilemma, you are faced with a choice between two equally unpleasant options.
I’m on the horns of a dilemma; I have to choose between a boring job with a good salary or a more interesting job with a lower salary.


in a quandaryIf you are in a quandary about something, you  find it difficult to decide what to do.
The job they offer is less interesting but the salary is better.  I’m in a quandary about what to do.
in two mindsIf you are in two minds about something, you have difficulty deciding what to do.
I’m in two minds about whether or not to accept the offer.
keep your options openWhen you keep your options open, you postpone making a decision so that you can choose among several possible courses of action.
The offer sounds good, but keep your options open until you’re sure it’s the best choice.
know your own mindIf you know your own mind, you know what you want or like, and are capable of making a decision.
I don’t want to influence you.  You’re old enough to know your own mind.
lesser of two evilsIf you choose the lesser of two evils, you opt for the less unpleasant of two poor options.
I didn’t want to go. Choosing the train instead of driving was the lesser of two evils; at least I could relax on the way.
line of least resistanceIf you opt for the line of least resistance, you choose the easiest way of doing something.
To make sure the children would stay inside, he chose the line of least resistance and rented a film.
luck of the drawTo refer to something that happens as the luck of the draw means that it is the result of pure chance, with no possibility of choice.
The samples distributed varied in size and value; it was the luck of the draw.
my way or the highwayIf you say to someone ‘it’s my way or the highway’, you are telling them that either they accept to do as you say or they leave the project.
You don’t have much choice when someone says: ‘it’s my way or the highway.’!
no-brainerA decision or choice that requires little or no thought, because the best option is so obvious, is called a no-brainer.
The choice was between a cash refund or having the amount credited to my account – it was a no-brainer!  I took the cash!
plan BPlan B is an alternative solution to be adopted if one’s original plan does not succeed.
The idea is to get a caterer to provide the food.  If that’s too expensive, plan B is to organize a buffet with the help of friends.
point of no returnWhen you reach the point of no return, you have no option but to continue what you have started, because you have gone so far that it is impossible to go back.
I’ve resigned from teaching and decided to become a writer. Now I’ve reached the point of no return and must work on the book I am writing.
take pot luckIf you take pot luck, you accept whatever is available without knowing what it will be like.
We were so hungry we decided to take pot luck and stopped at the first restaurant we saw.
take a standWhen you take a stand, you adopt a firm position on an issue and publicly declare whether you support it or are against it.
The politician was asked to take a stand on the government’s proposed measures to curb illegal immigration.
test the water(s)If you test the water(s), you try to find out how acceptable or successful something is before becoming involved in it.
You should go to a gym class to test the water before enrolling.
shotgun approachIf you use a shotgun approach, you cover a wide range in a non-selective, haphazard and inefficient manner.
Identifying a specific segment of the market as our target will be more effective than a shotgun approach.
toss-upWhen there are two options or possibilites to choose from, and both are equally good, the choice between the two is called a toss-up (like tossing a coin).
Both boxers are in excellent condition. It’s a toss-up which of them will win.
weigh the pros and consIf you weigh the pros and cons, you consider the advantages and disadvantages, the arguments for or against something.
They weighed the pros and cons of the house before signing.


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