||Move backwards, in fear or dislike
||When he saw the dog, he backed away.
||Withdraw; concede defeat.
||Local authorities backed down on their plans to demolish the cinema.
||1) Give support or encouragement
2) make a copy of (file, program…)
|1) If I tell the boss we’ve got too much work, will you back me up?
2) It is recommended to back up all files.
||1) Pay money to secure someone’s release
2) Rescue from financial difficulties
|1) When he was arrested, his family refused to bail him out.
2) The government bailed out the bank.
||Base your hopes on something/someone.
||Don’t forget the date. I’m banking on your help.
||Improve or make more substantial
||He beefed up his presentation with diagrams and statistics.
||Faint; lose consciousness
||When he fell off the horse, he blacked out.
||Separate using a barrier.
||The area was blocked off during the demonstration.
2) Be destroyed by an explosion.
|1) The terrorists said the bomb wouldblow up at 9 o’clock.
2) The car blew up but luckily there was nobody in it.
|boil down to
||Be summarized as
||The problem boils down to a lack of money.
||Start a computer by loading an operating system or program.
||Just give me a few minutes to boot up the computer.
||Escape from captivity.
||A few horses broke away from the paddock.
||1) Go out of order, cease to function.
2) Lose control of one’s emotions.
|1) John’s car broke down on the way to the airport.
2) The parents broke down when they heard the bad news.
||Enter by force.
||The burglars broke into the house around midnight.
||1) Stop, discontinue
2) Stop speaking
|1) It was decided to break off diplomatic relations with that country.
2) She broke off in the middle of a sentence.
||Riioting broke out as a result of the strike.
|break out of
||Escape from a place by force.
||Three prisoners broke out of jail.
||Come to an end (marriage, relationship…)
||After her marriage broke up, Emma went to live in London.
||Raise (a child).
||She stopped working in order to bring upher children.
|brush up on
||Improve, refresh one’s knowledge of something.
||Mary decided to brush up on her Spanish before going to South-America.
||Meet by accident or unexpectedly.
||Pedro bumped into his English teacher at the supermarket.
||1) Stop (something) working
2) Become exhausted from overworking
|1) The fuse has burnt out.
2) Tom will burn himself out if he doesn’t slow down.
|butt in (on)
||It’s rude to butt in on a conversation.