استاد حامد رفیعی فوق لیسانس زبان انگلیسی و دارنده مدرک Delta و Celta از دانشگاه کمبریج انگلستان
در این بخش استاد رفیعی نمونه ای از نمودارهای خطی را همراه با توضیح کامل آن برایتان حل کرده اند.
How do I answer an IELTS writing task 1?
To analyse this, we’ll look at a line graph. Look at the following question and the graph.
There are three basic things you need to structure an IELTS writing task 1.
We’ll look at each of these in turn.
1) Introduce the Graph
You need to begin with one or two sentences that state what the IELTS writing task 1 shows. To do
this, paraphrase the title of the graph, making sure you put in a time frame if there is one.
Here is an example for the above line graph:
You can see this says the same thing as the title, but in a different way.
2) Give an Overview
You also need to state what the main trend or trends in the graph are. Don’t give detail such as data
here – you are just looking for something that describes what is happening overall.
One thing that stands out in this graph is that one type of fast food fell over the period, whilst the
other two increased, so this would be a good overview.
Here is an example:
This covers the main changes that took place over the whole period.
You may sometimes see this overview as a conclusion. It does not matter if you put it in the conclusion
or the introduction when you do an IELTS writing task 1, but you should provide an overview in one of
3) Give the Detail
You can now give more specific detail in the body paragraphs.
When you give the detail in your body paragraphs in your IELTS writing task 1, you must make
reference to the data.
The key to organizing your body paragraphs for an IELTS writing task 1 is to group data together
where there are patterns.
To do this you need to identify any similarities and differences.
Look at the graph – what things are similar and what things are different?
As we have already identified in the overview, the consumption of fish and chips declined over the
period, whereas the amount of pizza and hamburgers that were eaten increased.
So it is clear that pizza and hamburgers were following a similar pattern, but fish and chips were
different. On this basis, you can use these as your ‘groups’, and focus one paragraph on fish and chip
and the other one on pizza and hamburgers.
Here is an example of the first paragraph:
As you can see, the focus is on fish and chips. This does not mean you should not mention the other
two foods, as you should still make comparisons of the data as the questions asks.
The second body then focuses on the other foods:
The line graph illustrates the amount of fast food consumed by teenagers in Australia between 1975
and 2000, a period of 25 years. Overall, the consumption of fish and chips declined over the period,
whereas the amount of pizza and hamburgers that were eaten increased.
In 1975, the most popular fast food with Australian teenagers was fish and chips, being eaten 100
times a year. This was far higher than Pizza and hamburgers, which were consumed approximately 5
times a year. However, apart from a brief rise again from 1980 to 1985, the consumption of fish and
chips gradually declined over the 25 year timescale to finish at just under 40 times per year.
In sharp contrast to this, teenagers ate the other two fast foods at much higher levels. Pizza
consumption increased gradually until it overtook the consumption of fish and chips in 1990. It then
leveled off from 1995 to 2000. The biggest rise was seen in hamburgers, increasing sharply throughout
the 1970’s and 1980’s, exceeding fish and chips consumption in 1985. It finished at the same level that
fish and chips began, with consumption at 100 times a year.