استاد حامد رفیعی دکتری ادبیات انگلیسی و نویسنده کتاب رایتینگ آیلتس
در این قسمت با نحوه پاسخ به سوالاتی که در مورد زمان آینده است آشنا خواهید شد.
Usually in part 3 of the speaking test you will be asked to talk about the future in at least one of the questions (some of the questions in part 1 may also be about the future).
Will and going to are popular words to do this, so we will look at them, but there are some other ways too.
It is important to notice when a question is about the future so you can make sure that your response is also using the future tense.
Here are some example questions:
Here is an explanation of will and going to and some other useful structures for discussing the future
There are various uses of ‘will’, but in IELTS part 3 we can use it when we want to talk about future events that we believe are certain.
‘Will’ is followed by verb 1, or the infinitive.
If you use ‘will’ on its own, this means you believe in what you are saying 100%, or you have 100% evidence to back up your claim.
You can add in a word like ‘definitely’ if as well if you want to emphsize your certainty even more:
If you are less certain (which is often the case as we usually don’t have evidence with us) then we use words such as ‘maybe‘,‘perhaps’, ‘possibly’, ‘probably‘ and ‘likely’.
Will and Going to are used in similar ways. We can use ‘going to’ to talk about a plan we have, but in the IELTS test part 3 we usually use it when we are making a prediction based on evidence we know of, often from what we can see in front of us.
‘Going to’ is followed by verb 1, or the infinitive.
Will or going to?
‘Will’ is more common for giving predictions about future events, so if you are unsure of the difference between them, just use ‘will’.
However, we often use will and going to inter-changeably. For example, in the sentences above we can swap them without affecting the meaning:
In addtion to will and going to, another way to talk about the future is to use modal verbs such as ‘may’ and ‘might’.
Again, these are used when you are not certain about something. They have the same meaning.
This is also used to talk about the future.
It is often used when we want to talk about what has been arranged for the future, so it may be less common for part 3 and more common for part 1, but it is still possible for some things you may want to say:
Will and Going to – Sample Answer
Here is a sample answer to a question: