مقاله بی نظیر سرزمین زبان در مورد نحوه نگارش Writing

مقاله بی نظیر سرزمین زبان در مورد نحوه نگارش Writing

????? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ???? ????? Writing

?? ??? ????? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ????? ???????? ?? ?? ????? ?? ???? ????? Writing ????? ???? ???. ????????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ??????? ????? ????? ???? ?????.

???????: ??????? ???? ?????

 

??????? ?? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ????? General Writing ?? ???? ???? ????:

???? ???: ????? ?? ????
???? ???: ????? ?? ?????

????? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????? ?? 20 ????? ??? ????? ? ???????? 40 ????? ?? ???? ????? ???? ???? ????? ????. ??????? ??? ?? ?? ????? ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ?? ???????? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ??? ??? ??? ????. ??? ??? ????? ?? ???????? ???? ???? ? ?? ?? ????????? ??? ?? “?????” ?? ?? ???? ???? ?? ???? ?? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ?? ?? ?????. ?? ?? ?? ?? ?????? ????? ?? ????.

????? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ???? ????? Writing
????? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ???? ????? Writing

???: ??? ?????? ???

??? ?? ???? ???????? ?????? ?????? ??? ?? ?? ??? ?? ???????. ??? ???? ???? ??? writing ?? ???? ???? ? ????? ???? ???? ??? writing ?? ???? ?????. ????????? ?? ????? ???? ? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ?? ??? ?????. ?? ?? ???? ??? ?????????? ???? ????? ? ?? ????? ??? ???? ???????? ???? ???????. ??? ????? ??????? ????? ?? ?? ?? ??? ????? ? ??? ?? ?? ?? ??? ?? ?????.

??? ??????????? ???? ???? ?? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ?? ?? ???? ???? ???????? ???? ?? ????? A,B,C ? …  ???? ???? ? ?? ???? ?? ?? ?? ???? ????? ?????. ??? ???? ???? ??? ??? ???. ??? ???? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ???? ????? ?? ???????????? ?? ?????? ??? ? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ?? ???? ??? ??? ???. ????? ??? ????? ?????????? ?????:

– ????? ?? ????? ?????
– ??????? ?? ????? ?????
– ??? ?? ??????? ?????

??? ?? ???????? ???????? ??? ??? ?? ?????????? ???? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????. ??? ??? ?????? ????? ???? ??? ?? ???? ?? ??? ?? ??? ? ???? ?? ??? ???? ???? ?? ???. ??? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ?????????? ?????? ??? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ?? ???? ? ????? ????? ???? ???? ?? ??????? ????.

??? ?????? ???? ??? ???. ???????? ??? ????????? ?? ?? ??? ????? ??? ??? (150 ??? ???? ???? ? 250 ??? ???? ?????) ?????? ??? ???? ?? ??? ??? ????? ?????.

??? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ???? ? ?? ???? ????? ???? ?????. ???? ?? ?? ??? ?????? ? ???? ?? ??? ?? ???? ????????? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ?? ??? ????? ?????.

???? Writing Task1 – ????

????? ???? ??

?????? ???? ??? ??? ??? ?? 4 ??? ???? ?? ?? ??? ??????:
– ???? ????? / ??????? ???????
– ???? ??????? ???????
– ???? ????
– ???? ???? ?????

??????? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ?? ?? ???? ??? ??? ??? ??? ???? ?????. ???? ?? ???? ??? ???? ????? ????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ?????? ???? ???? ? ???? ?? ????? ???????? ???. ???????? ?? ?? ????? ?? ??? ?? ????? ?? ?? ??? ?? ??? ???? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ????? ? ?????? ???????? ???? ????? ??? ? ??? ???? ???? ?? ???? ??? ????? ????? ??? ??? ?? ??????? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ?? ?? ???? ????. ?????? ?? ?? ??? ???????? ?? ???? ????? ??? ?? ?? ??? ???? ????? ??? ???? ??? ?? ???? ???? ????? ????.

????? ????

??? ???? ?? ???? ??? ?? ??? ???? ?? ???? ?? ??????? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ?? ???? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?? ????? ??? ?? ???? ???? ?? ??? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ?? ???? ???? ????. ??? ???? ?? ?? ??? ????? ? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ?????.

?? ??? ??? ?? ???? ? 4 ???????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ????:

1-?? Dear Sir/Madam, ???? ??? (?? ?? ????? ??? ???? ?? ?? ?????????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ??? ???).
????? ????? (?? ?? ?? ?? ????) ??? ????? ?? ?? ?? ???? ????? ?????: 

Im writing to express my dissatisfaction with the tape recorder that I purchased in your store.

2- ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ????.
A) ?? ???? ?? ???? ???? ?? ????? ???? ????:

 I purchased a tape recorder in your store on 12/3/2005, just 3 days ago. After a few times that I used it, the “Play” button broke off.

B) ??? ?? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ?? ????:

I was very surprised to see the new improved model with 2 years of warranty breaking so soon and for no reason at all.

C) ??? ?? ???? ???? ??? ??? ???? ????? ?????:

I contacted your store immediately in order to return the tape recorder and spoke to the shift manager. He refused to replace the tape recorder and suggested that I had it repaired.

D) ??? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ?????:

You can imagine how receiving this offer upset me.

??? ???????? ???? ???????? ???????? ?? ??? ??? ???? ????. ??? ??? ???????? ?? ?? ?? ??? ??? ????? ????.

3- ?? ???? ???? ?? ???? ??? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ? ??? ?? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ??? ???? ???? ?? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ?????:

I insist that you replace the damaged tape recorder and send me a new one. Otherwise I will be forced to stop my payments to your store.

4- ????? ????? ???? ???? ?? ???????? ??? ? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ?? ??? ???????:

I look forward to hearing from you.

??? ??? ??? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ????:

Yours sincerely, John Smith

??? ??? ??? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ????:

Yours faithfully, John Smith

???? ????? Writing
???? ????? Writing

????? ????

?????? ?? ?? ????? ????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ?? ???? ??? ?? ??? ?? ??? ????. ??? ?? ???? ????? ??? ???? ???? ??? ??? ???? ??? ??? ?? ???? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ??????? ? ?? ?? ???? ?? ??? ???? ?? ?? ??? ?????? ??????? ????.

???? ???????? ???:

  • “I am writing to complain about…”
  • “I am writing in regard to…”
  • “The reason I am writing to you is (a problem with…)”
  • “I am writing to express my concern about/dissatisfaction with…”
  • “I would like to bring the matter of … to your attention.”
  • “I would like to draw your attention to …”

 ???? ???????? ???:

  • “I was supposed to receive … Unfortunately, that never happened.”
  • “You can imagine how unhappy I was to discover …”
  • “I regret to inform you that your service was below my expectations.”
  • “When I tried to contact you by phone, no one could offer me any sensible answer.”
  • “I contacted your representative in …. Unfortunately, he denied me the service that I requested.”

???? ???????? ???:

  • “The ideal solution would be … “
  • “I hope you can settle this matter by …(doing something)”
  • “I insist on getting a refund of …”
  • “Please look into this matter as soon as possible.”
  • “I believe this matter deserves your urgent attention.”

????? ?? ?? ?? ????? ????:

??? ???? ?? ??? ???? ????? ??? ?? ?? ????? ??? ?? ?? ???? ????? ????? ???? ????:

Dear Sir/Madam,

The reason I am writing to you is poor quality of a food processor, which I bought in your store two weeks ago. After only two times it was in use, problems started to appear.

Naturally, I returned the blender to you to be replaced with a new one. Your assistant said that I would have to wait only a week. After two weeks the food processor had still not arrived. Finally, four weeks later, I was contacted by your representative. Imagine my feelings when I learned from him that I cannot receive the same model of food processor as I bought. As a solution he offered that I upgrade my model to a better one and this too will take two weeks. I am very disappointed with both the equipment and the service have I received Therefore I expect a full refund of 180$ as soon as possible.

Yours faithfully, Mr. Smith

???? ??????? ???????

??? ???? ?? ??? ?? ??? ???? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ??????? ?? ??????. ?????? ????? ???? ??? ??? ???? ??? ??????? ????? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ?? ??? ???? ?? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ?? ???????.

?? ??? ??? ????? ?? ???????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ???? ?? ??? ?????:

1- ?? Dear Sir / Madam ???? ??? (?? ?? ??? ???? ?? ?? ?????????? ???? ???? ??? ???).

??? ?????? (?? ?? ?? ?? ????) ????? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ???????? ?????.

“I am writing to ask for information about membership in the Shape sports club.”

2- ??? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ???????? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ? ?? ?? ???? (????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ?? ???? ???? ????? ?? ???? ??) ?? ??????? ?????? ?????. ??? ???? ???????? ???????? ?? ?? ???? ????.

3- ????? ????? ???? ???? ?? ???????? ??? ? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ?? ??? ???????:

I look forward to hearing from you.

??? ??? ??? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ????:

Yours sincerely, John Smith

??? ??? ??? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ????:

Yours faithfully, John Smith

????? ?? ?? ?? ???? ??????? ???????

 ??? ???? ?? ??? ???? ????? ??? ?? ?? ????? ???? ?? ?? ???? ??????? ??????? ????? ???? ????:

Dear Sir/Madam,

I am writing to ask for complete itinerary of a trip to Africa that I booked with your company.

The trip I refer to starts on August 12, 2005. I am supposed to leave with a group of 16 people. The information I would like to obtain should include the following:

1) Names and phone numbers of other people in my group.
2) Airline names, flight numbers, departure and arrival times.
3) Names and locations of hotels that you have booked for me, and on what bases, bed and breakfast, half board or full board.
4) A list of optional day trips that are available and their prices.
5) A list of local doctors I can contact in case of emergency.
6) A contact number for your company representative in Africa.
7) A receipt for the payment I have made on July 28, 2005.

You could send the above-mentioned information to my e-mail or a fax. I would like to receive it as soon as possible but not later than a week before my flight.

I look forward to hearing from you.

Yours faithfully, Mr. Smith

????? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ? ?????? ???? ? ?? ???? ? ????? ???? ??????? 

??????? ???? ??????? 2

???? ??????? ???????

 ??? ???? ?? ??? ?? ??? ???? ?? ???? ??? ???? ?? ????? ???? ??? ?? ??????. ?? ????? ????? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ?? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ?? ?? ???? ? ??? ????? ???? ????? ?? ???. ?? ??? ??? ???? 4 ???????? ???? ????? ?? ?? ??? ??? ?????:

1- ???? ???? ?? Dear Sir / Madam (?? ?? ??? ???? ?? ?? ?????????? ???? ???? ??? ???) ? ????? ????? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ??????? ??????? ????? ? ??? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ??? ???? ???.

“I would like to apply for the position of secretary advertised in Herald Tribune of April 15th 2005.”

2- ?? ???? ???????? ????? ?????? ? ?????????? ???????:

“I am a Software Engineer with more than ten years of experience in …”

“I graduated in Some Study Course from Famous University, 1996”

“At present I am employed as a … by company …”

“I am familiar with…”

“My skills include working with …, performing …, managing…”

“In course of my present job I have been responsible for the planning and organization of …”

“I am used to working at a fast pace to meet deadlines”.

??????? ?? ?? ???? ??? ???? ?????? ??? ???????? ???? ???????? ???????? ?? ?? ???? ????.

3- ????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ?? ??? ??? ??????? ?????. ?????? ?????? ?? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ????????? ???? ???? ?????:

“I would like to apply my skills in your company.”

“I believe the position you offer will give me opportunity to…”

“If you find my skills and experience suitable, please contact me to schedule an interview.”

“I am looking forward to discussing my credentials with you personally.”

4- ?? ??? ????? ???? ???? ? ??? ???? ??? ????? ?? ????? ????? ????????? ???? ??????? ????:

“Thank you for your time and consideration.”

 ??? ??? ??? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ????:

Yours sincerely, John Smith

??? ??? ??? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ????:

Yours faithfully, John Smith

????? ?? ?? ?? ???? ??????? ???????

 Dear Sir/Madam,

I would like to apply for the position of flight attendant, advertised in “The Wings” issue of October 2005.

As you can see from my CV, I am a flight attendant with 5 years of experience. I had a one-year apprenticeship with United Airways, and the following 3 years I worked for Sky-High Airlines. The last year I was working for Air Comfort Airlines, providing customer service to first class passengers.
I have a pleasant personality and good communication skills. I am familiar with service and emergency instructions, and used to working unsupervised. My experience includes administering first aid to ill passengers and dealing with unusual incidents. I am available to work weekends, holydays and overtime.

If you find my skills and experience suitable, please contact me to schedule an interview. I am looking forward to discussing my credentials with you personally.

Thanks you for your time and consideration.

Yours faithfully, S. Holts

???? ????

 ???? ???? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ?? ?? ???????? ????? ?? ???. ??? ???? ?????? ??? ? ?????? ????? ? ?? ????? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ???:

1- ???? ?? ??????? ??? “Dear Linda” ?? “My dearest Charlie” ? ??? ?? ?? ????? ????? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ????

“I am sorry I havent written for so long.”

? ??? ?? ?? ??? ??? ?? ?? ????? ???? ???????:

“I am writing to thank/tell/ask/apologize/wish…”

2- ???? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ???????? 1 ?? ?? ????? ?????. ??? ???????? ????????? ??? ?? ?? ??? ??? ?? ???? ?? ???? ???? ????? ????. ??? ????? ????? ???????? ???? ??? ?? ?? ???????? ????? ??????.

3- ?????:

“With best wishes, Kathy”

“Yours, Louse”

“With love and many thanks from me, Diana”

???? ????? ?? ????? Writing
???? ????? ?? ????? Writing

????? ?? ?? ???? ????

 Dear Sarah,

I am sorry I havent written for so long. My work keeps me so busy, that I never have a minute to myself. I am writing to invite you to my wedding. Since you have never met my future husband, you must have a million questions running through your mind right now. I hope I can tell you enough to put your mind at ease until we meet. Five months ago I decided to take a cruise to Bahamas, to get away for a little while. And on that cruise Faith arraigned for me to meet my future husband Alan. He is the most wonderful, loving person you could ever imagine and we are very happy together.

The wedding will take place at my parents mansion. The date is October 17, at 7 oclock. I am so looking forward to introducing you to Alan, and he cant wait to meet you too. I told him all about you and our friendship.

With love, Amy

???? ???? ?????

 ?? ???? ?? ??? ?? ???? ???? ??? ??? ??? (????? ????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ? ????)? ?? ???? ???? ????? ???. ??? ???? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ??? ???? ?? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ?? ???? ???? ??? ?? ?? ???? ?? ?? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ?? ?? ???? ????? ???? ????.

??? ??? ???? ?? ????? 4 ???????? ?? ??? ??? ?????:

1- ???? ???? ?? Dear Sir / Madam (?? ?? ??? ???? ?? ?? ?????????? ???? ???? ??? ???) ? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ???? ?? ???? ????? ??? ?? ??? ????? ? ?? ???? ?? ???? ?? ??????:

“I am writing in regard to books I borrowed from the library on March 15, 2005 and never returned”.

2- ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ????? ??? ????. ?? ???? ?? ?? ?????????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ??? ??? ???? ? ?? ???? ?? ???????. ????? ?? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ?? ??? ???? ????. ??? ???????? ???? ???????? ???????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ???? ????.

3- ????? ????? ???? ???? ?? ???????? ??? ? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ?? ??? ???????:

I look forward to hearing from you.

??? ??? ??? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ????:

Yours sincerely, John Smith

??? ??? ??? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ????:

Yours faithfully, John Smith

????? ?? ?? ???? ???? ?????

 Dear Sir/Madam,

I am writing to apologize about keeping books that I borrowed from the college library 3 days ago longer than it is acceptable. I have found myself in this unpleasant situation for a reason. My close relative was very sick and I had to go visit him at the hospital. I intended to return the books immediately after I get back to the college, but unfortunately I left the books on a train on my way from the hospital to the library. It will take me about two days to get them back from “Lost and Found” department at the train station.

I understand that other students may need those books and deeply apologize for the inconvenience. I will try to return the books as soon as possible. Please dont revoke my library privileges, I promise that it will never happen again.

Faithfully yours,
John Smith.

???? ?????? ????!

 ????? ???? ??? ??????? ?? ?? ??? ?? ???? ?? ?? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ?? ???? ???????. ??? ??? ???? ??? ?? ??? ?? ??? ?? ???? ???? ???? ???. ??? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ????? 150 ??? ?? ?? ??? ???? 15 ????? ???????? ?? ????? ????? ??? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ???? ???? ????.

???????? ??? ???? ??? ?? ??? ????? ?? ?? ????? ????:

1- ???? ?? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?? ????? ?? ???? ????? ???? ???? ? ?????? ?? ?? ??? ???? ?? ???? ??? ???????: ?????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ?????

2- ????? ?? ??????? ? ??? ???? ??? ????? 3 ???? ?? ?? ???? ?? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ???????. ??? ???? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ?? ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ???????? ????? ???? ?? ?? ?? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ????. ???? ?? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????? ? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ????? ?????. ??? ?????? ???? ???? ? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ?? ??? ??? ?????.

3- ???? ?? ????? ????. ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ?????. ??? ?? ???? ?? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ??? ???????.

4- ??? 3 ???? ?? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ????. ??? ???????? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????? ???? ??? ????????? ???? ???? ??? ???? ????? ?? 150 ??? ?? ???? ?????? ??? ???.

5- ???? ???????? ??? ???? ??? ????? ??????????? ?? ? ???? (??? ?????? ????? ????)? ????? ?? ????? ????? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ???????? ??? ?????.

6- ???? ????? ??? ???? ??? ????? ???? ???? ?? ??????? ? ?? ?? ?? ??? ???????? ?? ????? ???? ????? ? ?????????? ?? ????.

????? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ? ?????? ???? ? ?? ???? ? ????? ???? ??????? 

??????? ???? ??????? 2

?????! ?????! ?????!

?? ????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ???. ?? ???????? ??? ???? ????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ?????? ????? ??????? ????. ???? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ???? ?? ????? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ?? ????? ???? ?? ???? ??? ?? ??? ???? ?? ?? ???????.

????? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ????

????? ????:

 Topic 1

You should spend no more than 20 minutes on this task and write at least 150 words.

You have bought a mobile phone in a tax-free shop just a few days ago, and it doesnt work properly. Task: Write a letter to the manager to complain about it and ask him to solve the problem.

You do not need to write your address. Begin your letter as follows: Dear Sir/Madam,

Topic 2

You should spend no more than 20 minutes on this task and write at least 150 words.

You rented a car from Car Rental Company. The air conditioner has stopped working. You phoned the company a week ago but it has still not been repaired. Write a letter to the company. In your letter

  • introduce yourself
  • explain the situation
  • say what action you would like the company to take

You do not need to write your address. Begin your letter as follows: Dear Sir/Madam,

 ??????? ???????:

 Topic 1

You should spend no more than 20 minutes on this task and write at least 150 words.

You are a student who wants to apply to Green Pines College. You are experiencing financial problems at the moment. Task: Write a letter to the Principal of the College, explaining your situation and ask for information on scholarships or other means of financial help available.

You do not need to write your address. Begin your letter as follows: Dear Sir/Madam,

Topic 2

You should spend no more than 20 minutes on this task and write at least 150 words.

You would like to participate in a work-related seminar in another country. Task: Write a letter to the person in charge of the seminar and ask for detailed information regarding the dates, program, accommodations and cost.

You do not need to write your address. Begin your letter as follows: Dear Sir/Madam,

??????? ???????:

 Topic 1

You should spend no more than 20 minutes on this task and write at least 150 words.

You want to apply for the following job. Write a letter to Mrs. Keller describing your previous experience and explaining why you would be suitable for the job.

Advertisement: Housekeeper required for private home. Experience is necessary. Contact Mrs. D. Keller.

You do not need to write your address. Begin your letter as follows: Dear Sir/Madam,

???? ????:

 Topic 1

You should spend no more than 20 minutes on this task and write at least 150 words.

You stayed at your friends house when you participated in a business seminar in Australia. You left a file with important documents in your room. Task: Write a letter to your friend, describing the file and ask him/her to return it to you by post.

You do not need to write your address. Begin your letter as follows: Dear Sir/Madam,

Topic 2

You should spend no more than 20 minutes on this task and write at least 150 words.

You migrated to another country. Task: Write a letter to your friend to describe your present life and tell him/her why you choose this country.

You do not need to write your address. Begin your letter as follows: Dear Sir/Madam,

???? ????? ? ????

Topic 1

You should spend no more than 20 minutes on this task and write at least 150 words.

You successfully passed a job interview. You are expected to start on November 15, but you will not be available on that date. Task: Write a letter to your new boss, explaining your situation, expressing your concern and suggesting solution.

You do not need to write your address. Begin your letter as follows: Dear Sir/Madam,

Topic 2

You should spend no more than 20 minutes on this task and write at least 150 words.

You are a gift shop keeper. Task: Write a letter to your supplier, to let him know that you wont need the merchandise you have ordered. Explain your situation and suggest solution.

You do not need to write your address. Begin your letter as follows: Dear Sir/Madam,

Topic 3

You should spend no more than 20 minutes on this task and write at least 150 words.

You are a secretary, planning a corporate event. Task: Write a letter to Entertainment Company explaining what kind of party you would like it to be, indicate date and time of event and your special requests.

You do not need to write your address. Begin your letter as follows: Dear Sir/Madam,

 ???? Writing Task2 – ?????

???? ????? ?? ????? ??? ???????? ???? ???? ?? ??????? ??? ?????. ??? ???? ???? ??? ??? ?? ?? ????? ?? ???? ?? ??? ???? ??? ??? ?? ???? ? ????? ????? ???. ??? ?? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ?? ??????? ?? “????? ??????” ??????? ???? ? ??? ????? ????. ?? ??? ??? ??? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ?? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???? ???? ? ??? ?? 40 ?????? ??? 2 ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ? ?? ?????? ????? ????? ?? ?? ?????? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ?? ????.

?????? ?????

?? ?????? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ????? ????: ????????? ? ????? ????. ?????? ???? ??? ??? ???? ?????? ??? ??? ????? ??? ????? ???? ????. ????? ??????? ?? ????????? ????? ?? ?? ?? ???????? ? ????? ???? ?? ?? ???????? ?? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ????.

?? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ?????

??? ?? ??? ????? ?? ????? ?? IELTS ???? ???? ?? ????? ???? ???? ?? A ? H ? S ??????.

??? A ???????? Argument (???) ??? ?? ?? ??? ?? ????? ?? ?? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ?? ?? ?? (?????? ?? ??????) ???? ?? ????? ???????.

??? H ???????? Hidden Argument (??? ????) ??? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ?? ?????: “?? ?? ?????? ???”? “?? ?? ?????”? “????? … ????? ???? ????”

??? S ???????? ?????? ? ????? (Situation) ??? ?? ?????? ???? ??? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ???????? ? ??? ???? ?? ?? ????? ?? ??? ????? ??? ? ??? ??????? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ?????????? ????? ????.

??????? ???? ???????? ??? ??? ?? ??? ?? ?? ??? ???? ?????? ???:

A: “Modern society benefits greatly from computer technology. However, becoming more dependent on computer has its disadvantages. Discuss threats of computers.”

?? ???? ???? ?? ??? ??? ?? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ???????? ???? ????

H: “To what extent should television participate in our childrens education?”

?? ???? ???? ?? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ??? ??? ?? ??? ???????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ?? ????

S: “Due to change of womens role in modern society, men are now the ones suffering from sexual discrimination. Do you agree?”

?? ???? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ????? ? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ?????? ????.

????? ??????? ?????
????? ??????? ?????

????? ??? Argument

1- ???????? ????? ???? ?? ?? ??? ??? ?? ??? ???.
– ???? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ?? ?????????? ? ??? ???? ?? ?? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ???? ?? ?? ?? ????? ???? ?? ????? ??? ????.
– ????? ??? ?? ?? ????? ???? ????? ? ?? ?? ???? ??? ??? ?????.

2- ???????? ???? (????? ?? ????????) ???? ?? ?? ?? ??? ??? ????? ????? ????. ????? ???????? ?? ?? ???? ???? ?? ??? ?? ?? ?????? ????? ??????? ? ???? ?? ??? ?? ?? ????? ????? ???? ????? ???????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ????? ??? ?? ?? ??? ????? ???? ??? ????? ???.

3- ???????? ????? ???? ???? ???? ????? ?? ?? ?????????? ?? ??? ????? ??? ????. ??? ???? ?? ??? ???????? ????? ???? ???? ??? ??? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ????.

????? ??? Hidden

 1- ???????? ????? ???? ???? ?? ????? ???. ??? ???? ??? ?? ??? ???? ?? ???? ????. ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ??? ???? ????? ??? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ???:

From “to what extent something affects…?” to “Does something affect…?”

From “in what way something contributes?” to “does something contribute?”

From “how does something influence…?” to “does something influence …?”

???? ??? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ?? ??? ????? ??? ??? ? ??? ?? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ??? ?? ???? ????? ??? A ?? ?? ????? ????.

????? ??? Situation

1- ???????? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ? ?? ?? ????? ???. ??? ??? ?? ?? ??? ???????? ???? ?????.

2- ???????? ???? (????? ?? ????????) ???? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ??? ????? ??? ??? ????? ?? ???? ? ?? ???????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ????.

3- ???????? ????? ???? ???? ????? ?? ?? ???? ????? ????? ?? ????? ????. ??? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ?? ???? ???? ????? ???? ???? ?? ????? ?? ? ??????? ?????? ????? ???? ??????. ??? ??? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ?? ?? ???? ?? ??? ???????? ????????.

????? ??? ???

???????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ? ?? ??????? ???? ????? ?????.

??? ???? ???? ? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ??? ???? ???????? ??? ?? ???? ???? ?? ?? ???? ????? ?? ???? ???????.

?????????? ???? ?? ??????? ? ?? ???? ?? ??? ????? ?? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ???????. ??? ?? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ?? ????? ????? ?? ?? ????? ????. ?????? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ?? ? ????? ?? ?????? ?????.

?????? ????? ???? ?????

 ??? ?? ????? ??? ????? ?? ???????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ????? ??????. ????? ????? ?? ?? ?? ?? ????? ????:

??? ???:

???? ?? ??????? ? ???? ???? ????. ??? ???? ??????? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ??? A ?? H ?? S ?? ??? ???? ??? ???. ??? ??? ?? ???? ?? ???? ???? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ????? ?????.

????:

“Home schooling belongs to the past and is unacceptable in the modern society. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement? Use your own knowledge and experience and support your arguments with examples and relevant evidence”

?? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ?? ????? ??????. ?? ??????? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ????:

“Is home schooling acceptable in modern society?”

?? ??? ???? ????? ???? ?? ?? ????? ?? ??? A ????? ????? ?? ???? ?? ??? ?? ?? ??? ????? ?? ????? ?? ???? “????? ?????”

??? ???:

?? ????? ??? ???? ???? ??? ????? ? ???????? ?? ?? ???? ????? ???? ??? ???? ????. ?????? ??? ???? ????? ??? ???? ??? ??? ?? ?? ??? ???? ??? ??? ???? ? ?? ???? ?? ?? ???? ??? ???? ?? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ?? ??????? ????. ?? ??? ??? ?? ?????? ?? ??? A ?? H ????? ????? ??? ???? ?? ?? ??? ????? ??? ???? ?????. ??? ?? ?????? ?? ??? S ????? ?????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ???? (?? ????? ????) ???? ?????? ??.

????:

????? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ??? ????? ??? ? ??? ??? ????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ???.

?????:

– ??????? ??????? ??? ?? ?? ??????.

– ??????? ??? ??? ?? ????? ???.
– ??????? ????? ????? ?????? ?????.

?????:

– ???? ???? ???? ?????? ???? (????? ??????? ?????)
– ??? ?????? ???? ????? ??????.
– ?????? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ???? ???.

???? ??? ???? ?? ???? ????? ?? ???? ?? ???? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ??? ????. ?? ???? ???? ??? ????? ?? ????? ? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ???? ???? ? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ????????? ?? ???? ?? ?? ????? ????? ???. ??? ????? ?? ??? A ???? ??? ????? ????? ?? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ? ??? ?? ?? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ???????. ??? ???? ?? ????? ?? ?? ???????? ?? ???????? ???? ????? ????. ???? ????? ????? ???? ????? ????? ?? ??? ?? ?? ???????? ???? ???????? ????? ????.

????:

??????? ??????? ??? ?? ?? ??????: ????? ???????? ???? – ???? ?? ?? ?? ????? ??????.

??????? ??? ??? ?? ????? ???: ????? ???????? ???? – ???? ?? ?? ?? ????? ??????.

??????? ????? ????? ?????? ?????: ????? ???????? ???? – ???? ?? ?? ?? ????? ??????.

???? ???? ???? ?????: ????? ???????? ???? – ???? ?? ?? ?? ????? ?????.

??????? ?????: ????? ???????? ???? – ???? ?? ?? ?? ????? ?????.

??? ?????? ???? ????? ??????: ????? ???????? ???? – ???? ?? ?? ?? ????? ?????.

?????? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ???? ???: ????? ???????? ???? – ???? ?? ?? ?? ????? ?????.

??? ???:

???? ????? ??? ?? ???? ???? ?? ???????. ?? ???? ???? ?? ????? ???? ????? ??? ?? ???? ????. ????? ???? ?? ????? ???? ??? ????? ?? ?? ??? ?? ?? ?? ??? ??? ?? ????? ?? ??? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ???. ????? ???? ?? ????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ?? ?? ????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ???. ?? ???? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ?????????? ? ?????? ???? ?? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ????? ???? ? ??? ?? ???????? ?? ?? ????? ????? ????.

???? ???: ??? ???? ?? ???????? ???? ?? ?? ?? ???? ??? (??? ?? ?? ???? ????????? ????? ?? ???? ?? ??? ???? ?? ????? ?????) ???? ???? ?? ???? ??? ?? ?????? ???.

????? writing ?????
????? writing ?????

????:

??? ?????? ??? ?? ?? ???? ???? ???? ?? ??? ???? ???? ???? ????? ??? ???. ???? ??? ????? ???? ?? ?? ???? ???? ?? ?? ???? ???? ??? ???.

Everything has two sides and home schooling is not an exception. In the past it seemed like the most natural way of educating the children, but today many people criticize it.

We must acknowledge that parents know their children best. That gives them a good chance of knowing how to make child understand certain concepts. Using childs interests, parents can make a process of learning more enjoyable and effective. In addition, being at home makes child feel safe, which contributes to his ability to concentrate on studying.

Nevertheless, many people believe that teaching should be done by professionals. There are many provenscientific approaches that produce good results and without those techniques parents who teach their kids at home have no chance of success. Associative learning is a good example of such a technique. Showing the child images while learning the alphabet (apple for “a”, boy for “b”) makes him or her remember the letters faster and easier.

Also not every parent is capable of teaching his or her child at home because the blind cannot lead the blind.Parents cannot teach the children something they dont know themselves, and lets face it – not all of us have profound knowledge of history or geography even on a school textbook level. Eventually, even those mums and dads who had succeeded at school could forget the material as the time went by.

      In conclusion, I have more trust in abilities and experience of professional teachers then I do in my own.

? ?? ??? ????? ?? ?? ????? ????? ???? ??????? ? ???????? ???? ????? ????.

40 ??????? ???? ?????

??????? ????? ??? ????? ????? ????? ??? ?? ?? ???? ???? ???. ??? ??? ????? ??? ?? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ?????. ??? ??? ???? ?? ?? ?????? ????? ????? ???? ????. ??? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ??????????? ?? ?????? ? ?????? ?????? ???? ? ??????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ?? 40 ????? ???? ?????? ????. ??? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ?? “????” ??? ???? ? ??? ???? ???? ??? ?? ????????? ?? ???? ????? ???? ????.

????? ????

 ??????? ???? ?????? ?? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? ????????? ? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ?? ????? ??? ????? ???. ??? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ?? ??? ??? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ??????? ?? ????? ??:

???? ???? ?? ??? ?? ???:

  • “Some people prefer …. Those who disagree point out that…”
  • “We must acknowledge … Nevertheless, …”
  • “No one can deny … However, …”
  • “Many people hold the opinion… Others, however, disagree…”
  • “Although it is hard to compete with …, some people still prefer …”

???? ???:

  • “Not only…, but…”
  • “Also
  • “Furthermore,”
  • “In addition,”
  • “Moreover,”

???? ??? ????? ????:

  • “Although…”
  • “However,”
  • “Nevertheless,”
  • “Even if…”
  • “In spite of”
  • “On the other hand”

???? ???? ????:

  • “For example,”
  • “For instance,”
  • “In particular,”
  • “…, such as”
  • “To illustrate …”

???? ???? ?????:

  • “As a result”
  • “Therefore”
  • “Thus”
  • “So”
  • “Eventually”

???? ????? ????:

  • “Lastly,”
  • “Finally,”
  • “To conclude with,”
  • “In short,”
  • “In conclusion,”

?????! ?????! ?????!

 ????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ??? ????? ?? ???? ?? ?? ?????? ????? ????. ??? ??? ??? ??? ?? ??????? ????? ?? ????? 250 ???? ?? ?? ?? 40 ????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ?? ????? ?????. ????? ????? ??? ????? ??? ??? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ??? ?? ????? ????? ? ???? ????. ???? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ?? ????? IELTS ?? ??? ???? ????? ?? ?? ????? ??. ?? ???? ????? ???? ? ???? ?? ???????.

Topic 1

You are advised to spend the maximum of 40 minutes on this task.

Even though globalization affects the worlds economics in a very positive way, its negative side should not be forgotten. Discuss.

You should write at least 250 words.

Topic 2

You are advised to spend the maximum of 40 minutes on this task.

Some people say that education system is the only critical factor to development of a country. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?

You should write at least 250 words.

Topic 3

You are advised to spend the maximum of 40 minutes on this task.

Dieting can change a persons life for the better or ruin ones health completely. What is your opinion?

You should write at least 250 words.

Topic 4

You are advised to spend the maximum of 40 minutes on this task.

Financial education should be mandatory component of the school program. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?

You should write at least 250 words.

Topic 5

You are advised to spend the maximum of 40 minutes on this task.

The best way to reduce the number of traffic accidents is to raise age limit for the younger drivers and lower age limit for the aged ones. Do you agree?

You should write at least 250 words.

Topic 6

You are advised to spend the maximum of 40 minutes on this task.

Ecological balance is impossible to archive when technological progress constantly ruins our environment. Do you agree?

You should write at least 250 words.

????? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ? ?????? ???? ? ?? ???? ? ????? ???? ??????? 

??????? ???? ??????? 2

????? ?????? ?????? ???? :
????? ?????? ????? ???? ???????
????? ???? ??????? ?? ??????

????? ??? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ???? :

???? ???? ?? 10 ??? ?? 6 ???

09121035797

02144008685

?????? ???? ? ??????? ?? ???? ?????

?? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ??????? ??? ??? ?? ????

????? ?????? ? ?????? ?????? ???? ????? ?? ????? ??? ?????

??? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ??? ?? ?? ????.

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